Olive trees show a marked preference for calcareous soils flourishing best on limestone slopes and crags, and coastal climate conditions. They grow in any light soil, even on clay if well drained.
Olives like hot weather and sunny positions without any shade, while temperatures below −10 °C (14 °F) may injure even a mature tree. They tolerate drought well because of their sturdy and extensive root systems. Olive trees can remain productive for centuries as long as they are pruned correctly and regularly.